The medical term for severe back and back pain is back pain.This is a very common problem, studies show that 80% of people at some point of their life will be confronted with a backache, especially in puberty and ages around 50.
Is there a way to prevent it?
The back pain is a problem that concerns the spine and more specifically the lumbar vertebrae that support a significant part of our body.The lumbar vertebrae, precisely because of their position, are stressed not only by weight but also by the wrong attitude of the body, with the result that they sometimes “protest”.
Back pain is a complex medical problem that conventional medicine alone can not cope with.In many cases, especially when talking about a chronic situation, we need a more integrated approach that considers both the psychological and emotional factors, as well as the overall physical condition of the individual. In this way we can manage to reduce pain or at least learn to live with it.
Where Does Pain Come From?
Back pain is a symptom that can have many causes.
In most cases, waist and back pain are not specific, so we can not precisely determine the origin of the pain, nor are they intolerant.
This, of course, does not mean that there is no basic alteration that can explain our pain.
Let’s look at some of the most common causes of pain in the middle and back:
- An injury to a muscle, to a tendon or ligament that may result from a sudden movement, an unusual twist or simply the accumulation of a small, seemingly innocent, motion.
Disc degeneration resulting from age. As we grow the intervertebral discs lose their elasticity. Degeneration of the disc is suffered by most people aged over 65. This degeneration, of course, is not always associated with intense pain, but it may be involved in back pain.
- A gynecological problem. Many women feel intense back pain periodically due to some gynecological problem (period pains, endometriosis, etc.). The source of this pain is not in the lumbar region but the pain is located in the lower back.
- Some inflammatory rheumatic diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis can also cause pain and stiffness in the lower back.
- In rare cases back and waist pain can be caused by abdominal aortic aneurysm, a tumor, a fracture or an infection.
Who’s at Risk?
- Persons whose work requires them to sit for hours
- Workers who are asked to lift or pull heavy loads in daily basis
- Pregnant women because they carry an extra weight of 9 kg to 12 kg and their hormones cause relaxation of the muscle tissue (mainly in the pelvic area to facilitate labor but also near the spine)
- People whose parents suffered from disc degeneration, osteoarthritis or osteoporosis.
Strong Pain in the Middle and Back
Who are the Risk Factors?
- Lack of physical exercise, but also excessive workout Overweight that overwhelms the spine
- Poor posture.
- High-heeled shoes
- Stress. Repressed feelings, a difficult home situation, or poor workplace climate contribute to back pain. Stress increases muscle tension in the back.
- Depression, which can be the cause and consequence of chronic pain in the middle and back.
What are the Basic Prevention Measures?
A healthier lifestyle
The first thing to do to avoid suffering from back and back pain is to follow a healthy lifestyle:
- Keep a constant weight that is normal for your height and age.
- Follow a special diet program to lose weight, especially if you are overweight
- Follow a mild exercise program and get warm up before the gym. It is the best way to maintain the strength and flexibility of your back.
- When exercising, pay particular attention to the abdominal muscles and those in the back that act as a natural support for the spine and protect it from impacts. Ask an instructor to show you the right exercises and pay close attention to their execution, because if they are not done properly, you may have the opposite effect.It is said that the best way to reduce the pain is cycling.You can take a copenhagenbikecompany.com bike and start exercising in daily basis.
- Make sure you find yourself in the day, every day, some time, for real relaxation.
A more correct posture of the body
- You need to take care of your body’s stance, keep your back straight, your shoulders back and do not poke around.
- If you have to stay upright for several hours, do not omit to use a low foot stool to be used alternately for one and the other foot.
- If you need to stay seated for long hours, either in the office or in the car, do not miss out on short breaks and stretch your legs to make a break.
- In the office use chairs that offer good back support
- You can choose a tilting office armchair that will give you more flexibility on your back. It’s a bit more expensive, but your back will be grateful to you.
- Adjust the height of your chair or, better still, put a footrest or a small stool so the knees are slightly higher than the hips.
- If you are working on a computer, adjust the height of the screen so that your eyes look straight ahead of the head.
- Try not to carry heavy weight every day with your bag. Otherwise, choose backpack backpacks so that the weight is distributed on both shoulders
- If you need to move heavy things, it is better to push them than pull them
- If you need to lift a heavy object, do not bend down, move your entire trunk by bending your knees and keeping your back straight. In this way, the weight is best distributed to the body.
- Avoid wearing high heels (over 5 cm) on a daily basis. Prefer low shoes that offer better leg and body support.
Strong Pain in the Middle and Back
There is a solution;
As we have said above, back pain is a complex problem that requires a more holistic approach.In the case of acute back pain, you will need to take medication. Exercise and physiotherapy do not have much to offer.
Instead, they can do miracles in cases of low back pain, as well as in chronic conditions.
At first, the patient performs some gentle movements and slowly learns to do some special exercises like cycling with bike and he can rest at home, so that the muscles and ligaments are restored and allowed to re-operate.
Massage can also help a lot in chronic back pain as it relaxes the muscles and soothes pain.
In a second stage, you can try some gentle sports such as walking ,riding a bike and swimming that do not burden the back.Yoga is also a practice that can be very effective in back and back pain
When the back pain is chronic, the patient usually needs to make significant changes to his lifestyle: To start new activities, learn to stand better, do some special exercises, change eating habits if he or she is overweight .a.
Additionally, experts increasingly support that there is a direct relationship between these pains and the emotional state of the individual.When someone manages the issue of his pain well, he does not think about it all the time and is convinced that he will return to his original condition, then the chances of recovery are much more.In cases of chronic disease, cognitive-behavioral therapy can also help the patient significantly and have very good results.Through treatment, he learns to better manage stress, relax to gain a more positive view, and ultimately control and treat pain.